Telematics Là Gì

In its broadest sense, telematics is the joining of two sciences—telecommunications, a branch of công nghệ including phone lines and cables, và informatics such as computer systems. Today, the term is commonly used in reference to lớn the telematics solutions utilized in commercial fleet vehicles.

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According to lớn Gartner, wireless telematics devices and “blaông chồng box” technologies collect & transmit data on vehicle use, maintenance requirements và automotive servicing. A popular option for modern companies is lớn utilize fleet management software, which is a branch of telematics, lớn coordinate the vehicles they manage và gain a comprehensive sầu view of the health, profitability và productivity of their entire fleet.

How does telematics work?

At its core, a telematics system includes a vehicle tracking device installed in a vehicle that allows the sending, receiving & storing of telemetry data. It connects via the vehicle’s own onboard diagnostics (ODBII) or CAN-BUS port with a SIM card, & an onboard modem enables communication through a wireless network.

The device collects GPS data as well as an array of other vehicle-specific data and transmits it via GPRS (General Packet Radio Service), 4G điện thoại data & cellular network or satellite communication lớn a centralized VPS. The VPS interprets the data & enables it to lớn be displayed for end users via secure websites & apps optimized for smartphones and tablets.

The telematics data captured can include location, speed, idling time, harsh acceleration or braking, fuel consumption, vehicle faults, & more. When analyzed for particular events & patterns, this information can provide in-depth insights across an entire fleet.

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How are telematics devices installed?

Many modern commercial vehicle manufacturers install embedded GPS tracking and telematics technologies directly in their fleet vehicles. If a vehicle does not come with this công nghệ pre-installed, aftermarket GPS devices are available for installation. These can be battery powered or powered via the vehicle’s own internal electrical system.

Some OEMs, including Volvo, Mack, Hino, Ford, and GM, also partner with telematics providers to lớn provide a seamless over user experience. In the coming years, it’s likely that the automotive sầu industry will continue khổng lồ develop smart cars that use telematics to deliver better results for their customers. These systems will also capitalize on the emerging Internet of Things (IoT) landscape that can help connect vehicles lớn cities and smart traffic technologies.

How can my fleet use telematics systems?

Telematics solutions can integrate with existing applications và systems to lớn enable an array of use cases for fleets of all sizes, including:

Vehicle tracking:Vehicles can be tracked using a combination ofGPSsatellites và receivers, GPRS networks and cloud computing. AGPSreceiver downloads information fromGPSsatellites & processes it for use with applications such as driver GPS navigation systems. It also transmits that information via GPRS to the web servers used by office-based staff, where it can be used khổng lồ dispatch the nearest driver khổng lồ a new job.

Trailer and asmix tracking:Fleets can attachGPStrackers to lớn trailers & other non-motorized assets to ensure they don"t go missing, as well as use them to route drivers directly lớn stationary trailers. Drivers can tag locations in theirGPSunit when unhitching a trailer, và thosecoordinates can be easily passed on, allowing them to route directly khổng lồ the trailer. The system can also be phối up so that an instant alert is sent to a manager"s sản phẩm điện thoại device should a trailer or asmix be moved without authorization.

Maintenance improvements: Vehicle maintenance và asphối lifecycle management can be improved by using fleet telematics khổng lồ trachồng hours-of-use records and schedule preventative sầu maintenance, as well as help keep tabs on warranty recovery, engine hour tracking and service records tracking. Fleet managers can decrease expenses and keep vehicles in safe operating condition by staying on top of engine diagnostics, including battery voltage, coolant temperature, powertrain malfunctions, intake valve sầu issues, oxygen sensor problems, & more.

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Safety tracking:Managers can use fleet telematics lớn monitor vehicle speed & location, as well as harsh driving events and seat belt use. Telematics provides a digital blueprint of every aspect of a vehicle’s operation, helping fleet managers understvà where improvements can be made in accident prevention measures and driver safety standards.

Insurance risk assessment:Insurance companies can use telematics tomonitor driver behavior, allowing them to lớn more accurately determine risk factors and adjust insurance premiums accordingly. Telematics devicescan also report when a vehicle is used in a location outside a designated area, known as a geofence.

What are the benefits of telematics in fleet management?

Telematics technology can help fleets achieve operational improvements in key areas:

Decreased fuel costs: Telematics can help identify areas of waste, such as vehicle idling or fuel slippage, và allow fleet managers to lớn address them promptly, which positively impacts fuel efficiency & the bottom line. It also can help management plan the most efficient route for each driver to lớn reduce unnecessary mileage.

Improved safety: Continuous feedbaông xã regarding driving style and driving behavior lets fleet managers coach drivers and reduce unwanted driving habits such as speeding or harsh braking. Improvements can be made based on actionable, data-based reports that highlight driver performance và support new safety targets.

Elevated productivity: With near real-time GPS system data, drivers can help avoid traffic delays và plan for inclement weather. Back office managers can quickly & easily attribute any new or additional site visits to the nearest vehicle và instruct them on the most efficient route to lớn get there.

Better payroll management: By tracking the precise time a vehicle starts at the beginning of the day lớn the moment it shuts down, fleet managers have sầu an accurate, automated record of how long an employee worked. This helps business owners verify that employees are paid accurately for the hours they work while eliminating unnecessary time spent manually matching up timesheets to job tickets.

Is telematics expensive?

It depends on the fleet management solution. Bare bones GPS tracking on a map is a relatively cheap option but provides very little actionable insight. Coupling a fully integrated telematics solution with other technologies such as electronic logging devices (ELDs), dashcams, smart route planning, và advanced driver management costs more up front but provides a much bigger ROI.

Better fleet visibility helps take stock of what a fleet has và how it’s being used. Customizable dashboards can make it easy to reviews progress towards KPIs or budgets, with near real-time fleet analytics provided by the fleet tracking system. In the long term, GPS fleet tracking can help uncover hidden costs while revealing potential for greater productivity và efficiency throughout an entire organization; which is well worth the investment.

The future of telematics

Telematics is poised for exponential growth as new applications are developed to take advantage of modern GPS units và the widespread use of Smartphone devices. More fleets are recognizing the need to lớn monitor fleet activity khổng lồ control costs, boost productivity, improve sầu accountability, và maintain full compliance with government regulations.

As owners look beyond the basic needs in order khổng lồ achieve "increasing integrations into lớn the broader scope of the enterprise, including with thiết bị di động workforce management, ERPhường software, & business management software," telematics will become an integral component of all modern fleet operations.1

Sources

1https://www.automotive-fleet.com/320583/looking-ahead-to-2019-the-future-of-telematics