Trial balance

What is a Trial Balance?

A trial balance is a report that lists the balances of all general ledger accounts of a company at a certain point in time. The accounts reflected on a trial balance are related to all major accountingAccountingAccounting is a term that describes the process of consolidating financial information to make it clear and understandable for all items, including assetsTypes of AssetsCommon types of assets include current, non-current, physical, intangible, operating, and non-operating. Correctly identifying and, liabilities, equity, revenues, expensesFixed and Variable CostsCost is something that can be classified in several ways depending on its nature. One of the most popular methods is classification according, gains, and losses. It is primarily used to identify the balance of debits and credits entries from the transactions recorded in the general ledger at a certain point in time.

Bạn đang xem: Trial balance

Below is an example of a Company’s Trial Balance:


In addition to error detection, the trial balance is prepared to make the necessary adjusting entries to the general ledger. It is prepared again after the adjusting entries are posted to ensure that the total debits and credits are still balanced. It is not an official financial statementThree Financial StatementsThe three financial statements are the income statement, the balance sheet, and the statement of cash flows. These three core statements are. It is usually used internally and is not distributed to people outside the company.

What does a trial balance include?

A trial balance includes a list of all general ledger account totals. Each account should include an account number, description of the account, and its final debit/credit balance. In addition, it should state the final date of the accounting periodAccounting CycleThe accounting cycle is the holistic process of recording and processing all financial transactions of a company, from when the transaction for which the report is created. The main difference from the general ledger is that the general ledger shows all of the transactions by account, whereas the trial balance only shows the account totals, not each separate transaction.

Finally, if some adjusting entries were entered, it must be reflected on a trial balance. In this case, it should show the figures before the adjustment, the adjusting entry, and the balances after the adjustment.

Xem thêm: Go Over Là Gì ? Giới Từ Với Go Go Over Trong Tiếng Tiếng Việt


Undetectable errors in a trial balance

A trial balance can trace the mathematical inaccuracy of the general ledger. However, there are a number of errors that cannot be detected by this report:

Error of omission:The transaction was not entered into the system.Error of original entry: The double-entry transaction includes the wrong amounts on both sides.Error of reversal:When a double-entry transaction was entered with the correct amounts, but the account to be debited is credited and the account to be credited is debited.Principle error:The entered transaction violates the fundamental principles of accounting. For example, the amount entered was correct and the appropriate side was chosen, but the type of an account was wrong (e.g., expense account instead of liability account).

Additional Resources

CFI is the official provider of the Financial Modeling & Valuation Analyst (FMVA)®Become a Certified Financial Modeling & Valuation Analyst (FMVA)®CFI"s Financial Modeling and Valuation Analyst (FMVA)® certification will help you gain the confidence you need in your finance career. Enroll today! designation for financial analysts. From here, we recommend continuing to build out your knowledge and understanding of more corporate finance topics such as: